Coffee is the drink obtained from the roasted and ground beans of the coffee plant (coffee tree); it is highly stimulating due to its caffeine content, a psychoactive substance. This product is one of the most commercialized in the world and one of the three most consumed beverages in the world (along with water and tea). It is usually taken at breakfast, after breakfast or even as the only breakfast, although it is also often taken at snack time, or after lunch or dinner for conversation or just out of habit. It is one of the most socialising non-alcoholic drinks in many countries. The taste for coffee is not spontaneous, but must be cultivated, since its flavor is strong and bitter.
The most popular ways of drinking it are black and with milk (with or without sugar); it is also usually added cream, condensed milk, chocolate or some liquor, that is, depending on the recipe there are different ways to prepare it. It is usually served hot, but it can also be taken cold or with ice. In Spain, Portugal and Paraguay it is common to consume roasted coffee, that is, roasted in the presence of sugar.
The coffee tree is native to the province of Kaffa, in the Abyssinian highlands, present-day Ethiopia, where it grows wild. The energetic qualities of coffee were already known by the Galla tribe of Ethiopia in the 11th century, who mixed it with animal fat. Later, it would be introduced to Arabia, from where it would expand to the rest of the world with the Turkish rule of Anatolia.
Today, the plant is grown mainly in tropical and subtropical countries. Brazil accounts for just over a third of world production. Coffee beans are one of the main products of agricultural origin traded in international markets and often make a large contribution to the export items of the producing regions.
Coffee cultivation is culturally linked to the history and progress of many countries that have produced it for more than a century. During the period 2012/2013, 8.7 million tons of coffee were produced, of which approximately 80% was exported for a value of US$ 19.1 billion, while the gross value of the total industry associated with the coffee trade is estimated at US$ 173.4 billion. Today, more than 25 million family farms in some eighty countries grow around 15 billion coffee trees, whose production ends up in the 2.25 billion cups of coffee consumed daily.
A café or cafeteria is an establishment dedicated to the sale of coffee and some foods.
We all know that there are different varieties of coffee, but … which ones can be made with today’s espresso machines?
We have prepared a selection of the 17 most popular types of coffee in the world, to make you an expert barista.
However, we certainly can’t cover them all. Come with us to find out which ones!
There are numerous ways to prepare coffee, as well as to serve it. You can order a black coffee or espresso like you’ve always wanted, but if you go outside the box, you’ll have a huge range of options.
Moreover, the same preparation can have different denominations according to the geographical location, so it’s easy to get lost. Today we bring you this list with the types of coffee you can order in a bar in Spain, or make at home with your coffee maker.
It is the best known, the equivalent of the Italian Espresso, also called Expresso in Spain or Black Coffee in England. It consists of only 30ml of coffee infusion, so it is drunk without milk and, in many occasions, without sugar.
To prepare a good espresso, the amount of coffee required is between 7 and 7.5 grams and the water temperature must be between 88 and 92 ºC. The preparation time should not exceed 30 seconds, in order to avoid the coffee to be cooked.
A long espresso, known in Italian as Lungo, is a coffee that is extracted for a longer period of time. More hot water is passed through the ground coffee, which results in a greater amount of infusion than a black coffee.
The big difference with normal espresso is that it takes up to a minute to brew, and is filled with about 60 millilitres of water. The normal espresso takes up to 30 seconds to brew, and about 30 milliliters of infusion are obtained.
By boiling a smaller amount of coffee for longer, more properties are extracted from it and the taste is more bitter. It is usually served in cups or even in long glasses.
A Ristretto is a short espresso made with a normal amount of ground coffee, but extracted with half the water. As a result, only 15 ml of the drink is obtained, which amounts to a sip.
The Ristretto is extracted with the same characteristics as the espresso, but only for 15 or 20 seconds. In these first seconds of extraction, the purest flavors and aromas of the raw material are concentrated, and this is what makes it so special.
A Doppio is an espresso coffee made with two charges, extracted using a double coffee filter. You should use twice as much coffee as for the espresso and the brewing time is approximately one minute. The result is 60 ml of drink, twice as much as a single conventional one.
For those days when we need an extra dose of energy, Doppio is what you need. The simplest way to prepare it is to extract an espresso to taste in a larger cup or glass and, once the machine has finished, prepare another one without changing the container.
American coffee is a type of coffee derived from espresso. It is characterized by mixing the processed coffee with hot water in equal parts to reduce its flavor and leave it softer.
To prepare it you only have to make an espresso and then add the same amount of boiling water to the mixture. The result will be a less powerful and slightly more watery infusion and, consequently, less bitter and sweeter than a conventional espresso.
Typical in Spain, the carajillo is a coffee prepared as an espresso to which a certain amount of some liquor is added, being the most general the brandy, the marc or the whisky. A classic is Brandy De Jerez by Cardenal Mendoza.
To prepare a Brulé coffee based on the traditional recipe, first heat the brandy together with some coffee beans and lemon peel. Then the freshly prepared coffee is added and mixed. Finally, the coffee beans and lemon peel are filtered and the drink is ready.
There are some interesting variants such as the Baileys Carajillo, which uses Baileys liqueur in its preparation. And, to curl the curl, if we also add condensed milk we would be preparing the famous three-phase coffee.
What’s a macchiato? A macchiato, also called espresso macchiato in Italian, is an espresso that is cut with a small amount of hot, frothy milk. In Spain it is usually called simply cortado.
Its preparation is as simple as making an espresso and adding 2 to 4 cubic centimeters of hot or cold milk, as you like. It is served in a small cup with a lot of foam.
Viennese coffee is an espresso, single or double, covered with whipped or whipped cream. It is a classic and very old drink that is called so because it is very characteristic of the coffees of Vienna and Budapest, although today it is known almost all over the world.
We only have to prepare a double espresso to taste, more or less strong, and we sweeten it. We put it at the bottom of the cup and crown it with very whipped or whipped cream. Sprinkle with cinnamon or cocoa powder and decorate with a wafer or a light paste.
A much more sweetened version of the classic coffee with milk is the variant known as Café Bombón, in which normal milk is replaced by condensed milk.
It is prepared by simply mixing a long black coffee with a generous dose of condensed milk. Usually, you put the condensed milk in first and then add the coffee on top. It is served in a glass and when mixed it forms a delicious caramel flavour.
A variant of the typical Bombón from the Region of Murcia, the Belmonte, is achieved by adding a drop of brandy.
Asian coffee, typical of the Spanish municipality of Cartagena, is a harmonious blend of coffee, condensed milk, brandy and Liqueur 43, with a touch of cinnamon and optional lemon peel.
The Asian’s recipe consists of preparing a black coffee, neither too long nor too short, in a special glass. Then, we add condensed milk and, finally, we add cognac and Liqueur 43 to taste. We sprinkle the top with cinnamon and that’s it.
Café Latte or Latte in Italy, Café au Lait in France and café con leche in Spain, is one of the most common drinks that include coffee. It basically consists of two ingredients, coffee and milk.
To prepare it you must pour equal parts of milk and coffee, both hot, avoiding shaking them so as not to reduce the creation of foam. Coffee should be intense and served in a large cup, between 200 and 250ml, also called a breakfast cup.
The result is sweet and much less intense than other preparations, but it is still powerful in terms of caffeine, maintaining the taste of coffee and the homogeneous finish provided by milk.
Cappuccino, in Italian Cappuccino, is a drink born in Italy, prepared with espresso coffee and milk steamed to create the cream. It consists of 125 ml of milk and 25 ml of coffee, which is completed with cocoa or cinnamon powder.
To prepare a delicious cappuccino you will first have to process a black coffee. Then foam the milk in a small jar, so that it forms abundant and consistent foam. Pour the milk foam over the coffee and sprinkle some cocoa or cinnamon powder to give it a sweeter taste. If you have a sweet tooth, add sugar!
A Mocha, or Moka in Italian, is one of the most famous variants of coffee with milk. Like this one, it usually has 1/3 espresso and 2/3 frothed milk, but a portion of chocolate syrup and cinnamon or cocoa powder is added.
A variant of the Mocaccino is the white mocha coffee, made with white chocolate instead of black or with milk. If we mix the two syrups, we would be making a variant known as black and white mocha, brown mocha or zebra.
Irish coffee is a cocktail that consists of a mixture of coffee, Irish whiskey, brown sugar and a consistent layer of whipped cream or cream, all served in a cocktail glass. I recommend the Jameson Whisky, which goes very well with this preparation.
We can prepare it at home as follows. We put the sugar and the whisky in a glass glass and put it in the microwave for 30 seconds at maximum power. Then, we burn the mixture so that the alcohol it contains evaporates. Add a medium-sized cup of black coffee and stir until the sugar dissolves well. Finally, carefully pour the whipped cream over the coffee foam so that it stays on top of the cup and sprinkle a little bit of ground coffee on top to decorate.
Latte Macchiato, known in other Spanish-speaking places as leche manchada or lágrima, is a slight variation of café con leche in which the proportions change. In this case only 1/3 coffee is used for 2/3 milk.
In addition to the proportion of milk and coffee, you have to take into account the order of ingredients. To make a macchiato latte, we pour the coffee over the milk in a glass and not the other way around, as we do to prepare a latte or a cut. Vaporizing the milk well is very important in order to generate the typical foam that will give it a unique texture.
Caramel Macchiato is a variation of Latte Macchiato to which, unlike the latter, a layer of caramel and vanilla is added on the surface.
To prepare it, the proportions are 1/3 coffee, another 1/3 normal milk and the last third for milk foam. Add the ingredients to the cup in that order and finally add a teaspoon of vanilla and caramel syrup. Serve hot or cold.
A double espresso, some milk and a thin layer of emulsified milk on top.
Invented in Australia, Flat White is a double espresso drink made by pouring a thin layer of milk vaporized with small bubbles and a creamy consistency.
It is similar to the traditional cappuccino or coffee with milk, but with a smaller volume and therefore with a higher proportion of coffee than milk. Flat white allows you to savour the espresso intensely, but with the creamy sensation provided by creamy milk.
The types of coffee are not only distinguished by their presentation. The way in which the coffee is infused is very determining in the flavor and texture that we will obtain in the final result.
But, what is coffee infusion? In short, it is the mixture of the ground grain with water. The process itself is very simple but, as it could not be otherwise in a drink with so much tradition, there are different ways to do it.
It is true that most specialties or preparations are made with espresso coffee, but there are other techniques that we will describe below.
Espresso coffee basically consists of filtering pressurized hot water through the finely ground coffee and compacting it in a small filter holder. This is the most common process of all and the one used in most bars, classic coffee machines and current machines.
Don’t confuse it! It has the same name as black coffee, but it’s not the same. In this case, we are referring to the way in which the infusion is prepared. However, using this method of preparation, you can also make other types of coffee, such as a cortado or a café au lait.
Coffee makers with different extraction systems and different pressures are used for this purpose, such as espresso, mocha, capsule or filter coffee makers.
Unlike other techniques, espresso coffee is denser and more bitter. Keep in mind that there are different factors that play an important role in the flavor, being the most influential the amount of water, coffee and the degree of grinding used. By varying this you can adjust the coffee to your taste.
Amazon Fresh is a food service exclusively for Prime members. It is priced at $14.99 per month and your first 30 days are totally free. You will be able to buy from the comfort of your home fresh foods such as eggs, chicken, avocados, meat, vegetables and more. Your shipments can arrive the same day you ordered or the next day. Still not convinced? Check out the top 5 coffees you can buy at AmazonFresh.
It has a soft and balanced mix of sweet, spicy and berry notes. It is made from the world’s best quality 100% Arabica beans. In fact, every coffee that Caribou sells is certified by the Rainforest Alliance and is sourced responsibly for a healthier planet.
It comes from Central and South America, you can buy the coffee ground or in whole beans. It has 72% satisfaction in its more than 300 sales. Customers have bought it for its taste, good body and for not being bitter.
It is a brand that has been concerned with coffee roasting, processing and packaging for over 40 years. The environment and buying practices with farmers is important, the price you pay is fair to the company and its workers. Allegro has unique origins, applies variety in its products and excellent coffee beans.
This coffee has notes of maple syrup and citrus. It has a light roast and is very popular at Whole Foods Market so try it and start each morning with energy. It costs $9.
It has a dark roast, its process has a bitter touch with smoke, almost no acidity and with a lot of body, although its taste can be strong for some people it doesn’t have as much caffeine as you might think. The brand always cares about the origin of its beans, about the communities that grow and harvest the beans, because coffee is better when it is grown and taken care of.
This brand has a wide variety of types of coffees. Most are $6.99 and there are some for $9.99. It has more than 800 sales, if you love strong flavors in coffee, don’t hesitate to buy it.
This coffee has a medium roast or American roast the most consumed in the United States, with a light and balanced body, has a lot of aroma and little acidity, its caffeine is slightly soft. The package is 32 ounces and is 100% Arabica coffee grown in Colombia and packaged in the United States.
All Amazon Fresh coffee presentations have the freshest beans, to offer you quality and experience in every sip of coffee. It has 4.4 stars, its buyers love the aroma and taste.
Hair Bender coffee is a wild, sweet and smooth coffee. Its name comes because the place where a coffee shop used to be was a beauty salon, and that’s why the name Hair Bender. In each bag of this coffee comes freshness because all the packaging is in the United States with a delicious flavor.
If you’ve ever visited the Stumptown coffee shop, it’s one of the most popular coffee shops around. Although the price of $14 may be a bit high for your budget, you will get quality, taste and an experience in every cup you consume.